Cannabis Cooking Vocabulary

Bioavailability - Per High Times, "While adding soy lecithin won’t result in extra potency that the lab can measure, the concept of bioavailability means that the same amount of THC will feel more potent in your body." 

BudA whole, intact bud of cannabis trimmed of leaves and stems (though some strains are best consumed with leaves on and are thus left intact). This is the most common form of cannabis sold in dispensaries.

Cannabinoid - A type of chemical compound that acts upon neurotransmitters in the brain, to various effects.

Cannabidiol - One of the most common cannabinoids in cannabis, a.k.a. CBD.

Cannabutter - Butter brewed with cannabis, to produce an intoxicating effect alone or baked into edibles.

CBD - One of the two main “active ingredients” in cannabis, along with THC. This is the component considered most responsible for soothing, pain relief, and general relaxation. “I have a lot of sciatica pain and trouble sleeping. What’s a high CBD strain you would recommend?”

Clippings – Clippings are the leaves and trimmed pieces leftover after harvesting cannabis Flower.  Clippings contain less THC than Flower. Because of this, you must use more toasted Clippings in your infusion to achieve the desired effect than if using Flower.

Concentrate - A cannabis product made by extracting the cannabinoids from cannabis itself, leaving you with an ultra-potent cannabis product with a distinct taste and a more potent experience. They typically come in four forms: Wax, shatter, honeycomb, and resin (though other forms may emerge over time).

Decarboxylation – See definition for Toasting.

Flower – Common term for buds harvested from the cannabis plant. Contains more THCA than any other part of the cannabis plant. Also known as nugs or buds.

Grind – The act of breaking toasted cannabis into smaller pieces for optimal extraction of THC. For best results, coarsely grind your herb. Do not grind to a superfine powder.

Grinder - Commonly a spice grinder, this is a tool using for grinding the cannabis bud into a coarse plant meal that can then be smoked or vaped.

Hybrid - A strain that is typically a crossbreed of an indica and a sativa. Most hybrids lean heavily toward one side or the other, and some very interesting effects or flavors may result from the mixing. The universal color to classify a hybrid is green.

Indica - Strains classified as an indica are typically typified as strains that have a sleepy, calming, or pain-easing effect. The universal color to classify an indica is purple.

Infusion – Product prepared when the active compound (THC) from the toasted plant material bonds with a fat suitable for use in baking cannabis edibles (butter, peanut butter, coconut oil).

Infusion Booster packet – Optional ingredient reported to increase the potency of cannabis edibles. DO NOT USE IF SENSITIVE OR ALLERGIC TO SOY AND SOY PRODUCTS.

Kief - This is essentially cannabis “pollen.” It’s essentially all the good flaky goodness that comes off when you grind buds and is captured in the bottom of your grinder. Light green at first and fading to a golden yellow, this goodness brings out the flavor of and bud (ground or otherwise) it’s sprinkled upon.

Mix-In – A non-infused, prepared supermarket item added to a mix prior to baking. Examples: peanut butter, caramel and fudge toppings, mini-candies.

Odor Trapping Toasting Bag - Heat-resistant nylon bag for odorless toasting of your herb. This thoughtful addition to all EDIYBLES Mix Kits brings you peace of mind that no kids or neighbors will be clued in to your cooking activities.

Potency – The strength or efficacy of a substance.

Resin - Leafly put it best: “Live resin is a type of cannabis concentrate that is manufactured using a technique that takes freshly harvested cannabis and freezes it to subcritical temperatures prior to and throughout the extraction process.” In short, this is the real shit. Use with caution, care, and preparation!

RSO oil - A CBD-based oil named for Rick Simpson, the man who created it himself after being denied cannabis for pain relief. He also used it to treat his cancer despite being shouted down by the medical establishment in Canada. This oil is highly potent and is commonly used for medical treatments, which you can read about in more detail in this article.

SativaTypically, a strain classified as a sativa has effects that are uplifting, happy, perky, or energizing. The universal color for classifying a sativa is red.

Shake - Mealy, pre-ground cannabis that is often the least expensive purchasing option on a dispensary’s menu.

Silicone Molds - Unlike metal or glass pans traditionally used for baking, silicone is a rubber-like material that is malleable and very user friendly. The food-grade silicone baking cups included in the EDIYBLES Equipment Kit were intentionally selected as an easy and environmentally friendly way to safely control the portion size of your edibles. They also keep good fresher while in storage. Can be used for a variety of kitchen tasks.

Stem - Stems within the cannabis plant, that can still be found within a bud if not properly trimmed. Do not try to smoke these—it’s akin to smoking a wooden stick.

Sticky - A positive quality of high quality cannabis, in that it is fresh and difficult to grind due to the kief-heavy buds.

Strain - A sub-species of weed that produces distinct enough effect to be given a name and charted. Whenever you hear the name of a “type” of weed, i.e. Blue Dream or Granddaddy Purple, they are referring to the strain’s name.

THC – The psychoactive form of THCA found in raw cannabis. Must be activated with a low temperature heat source (toasting).

THCA – The non-psychoactive compound found in raw cannabis. When toasted, THCA becomes psychoactive for use in cannabis edibles.

Tincture - A cannabis product made by concentrating cannabis, typically in alcohol.

Toasting (Decarboxylation) – Toasting is the key to making your cannabis edibles psychoactive by using a heat source to convert THCA (found in raw cannabis) to THC (found in toasted cannabis). This is typically done by smoking or vaporizing, but when making cannabis edibles, you must toast the herb before infusing with a fat. Together, DIY EDIBLES Equipment & Mix Kits include the equipment you need to toast cannabis in your oven.

If using leftover vaporized material (aka ABV) in your cannabis edibles, you can skip the oven toasting process, but you must use more ABV in your infusion to achieve the desired effect than if using Flower. This is because much (but not all) of the THC was released from the herb when it was originally vaporized.

Trimmings – See definition for Clippings.

Vaporizer - A vaporizer is a device that heats cannabis in a partial vacuum such that the active compound (THC) boils off into an ingestible vapor. The leftover material, known as ABV, contains enough THC to use in cannabis edibles.